The Balance of Payments (BoP) systematically summarizes all economic transactions between residents and non-residents of Malta during a given period. The Balance of Payments provides harmonized information on international transactions which are part of the current account (goods, services, primary income and secondary income), as well as on transactions which fall in the capital and the financial account. BoP data are used for calculation of indicators needed for monitoring of macroeconomic imbalances such as share of main BoP and International Investment Position (IIP) items in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The BoP data are collected through direct reporting (DR) surveys and complemented by administrative sources.
As from 2014, the International Monetary Fund Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6) classification is being used for the compilation of the BoP. According to these guidelines, direct investment is now being collated on an assets and liabilities basis rather than on a directional basis as had been the previous approach.