Education Statistics

Relevance

Data related to education statistics is required by Regulation EC No. 452/2008 and implemented under Regulation EU No. 912/2013.  The topics covered include student enrolments, entrants, student mobility, graduates (education attainment), personnel and education expenditure.  Information on classes and languages is also collected.

In turn EUROSTAT has a data sharing agreement with UNESCO-UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics) and OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development).  The goal of the UNESCO-UIS/OECD/Eurostat (UOE) data collection on statistics of education and training is to provide internationally comparable data on key aspects of the education systems, specifically on the context, participation, and the costs and resources of education.

Methodological description of survey

Information covers three economic sectors: state, church and private.  Data is collected on an annual basis. An updated list of institutions (schools) is supplied from the Ministry for Education and Employment (MEDE).

Pre-primary to secondary levels

Students attending state schools; data on teaching staff in state schools, church and private schools; as well as data on non-teaching staff in state and church schools, is supplied by MEDE.

Students attending church and independent schools are collected through paperless questionnaires sent directly to the concerned schools.  The same applies for information related to non-teaching staff and education expenditure in independent schools.

Post-secondary and tertiary levels

Questionnaires are sent via email to church and registered private institutions.  This data collection covers students enrolled, student mobility, graduates (students obtaining a qualification), personnel employed in educational institutions.  Data on education expenditure is requested to private institutions.

Accuracy and reliability of data

Information on the accuracy and reliability of data can be viewed in a dedicated metadata report available on the NSO’s metadata website. 

Timeliness and punctuality of data

At a national level, the Unit publishes four releases on a yearly basis related to education statistics.  These are the ‘Student Enrolments’, ‘Graduates Students’, ‘Absenteeism’ and ‘Teaching English as a Foreign Language’ news releases.  These news releases normally refer to previous academic year. The Unit is currently working on improving timeliness for the dissemination of Education statistics at a national level.  Such releases are published on the NSO’s website as scheduled in the Advance Release Calander​.

Annual data on enrolments, entrants, personnel, foreign languages learned, and class size data are transmitted to the Eurostat annually by 30 September in year t+2.  Annual data on graduates and education expenditure are trans­mitted to the Eurostat annually by 30 November in year t+2. 

Accessibility and clarity of data

A number of publications on education statistics were released and made available on the NSO’s website, from academic year 2000/2001 up to academic year 2007/2008. 

Every year, a quality report, together with the ISCED integrated mapping of national programmes and qualifications, is transmitted to the Commission (Eurostat) by 31 January in year t+3.  This report documents compliance with the dimensions of relevance, accuracy, timeliness and punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability, and coherence.  A metadata report is also produced at a national level and disseminated on the NSO’s metadata website. 

Coherence and comparability/consistency of data

Data related to education statistics is fully comparable with all other European Union Member States as all countries are bound by Regulation (EC) No. 452/2008 and Regulation (EU) No. 912/2013.

Data prior to academic year 2010/2011 has not been revised to include the reclassification of upper secondary education and is therefore not comparable to other data.  Conversely, all data collected further to this academic year are fully consistent and hence comparable.

ISCED 11 was used, as requested, for the first time for academic year 2012/2013.  Previous data is classified in ISCED 97.

Metadata​​​

Contact Information: 

 
Mr Matthew Zerafa
Head of Unit​
2599 7630
education.nso@gov.mt