News Releases

Road Traffic Accidents: Q4/2023
NR 027/2024
Release Date: 14 February 2024
During the fourth quarter of 2023, road traffic accidents and casualties increased when compared to the same quarter of the previous year. Road traffic fatalities amounted to seven.

Road Traffic Accidents: Q4/2022

The number of reported traffic accidents during the fourth quarter of 2023 reached 3,977, up by 4.2 per cent over the same period in 2022. The Northern Harbour district registered the most accidents with 1,432 cases or 36.0 per cent of all accidents (Table 1).

Road traffic casualties increased by 12.1 per cent to 427 over the same period in 2022. Grievously injured persons amounted to 110, and consisted of 66 drivers, 9 passengers and 35 pedestrians/cyclists/others. The injuries suffered by three drivers and four pedestrians proved fatal (Tables 4-6). During this quarter, the same amount of fatalities occurred when compared to the same period in 2022 (Chart 1).

The majority of those grievously injured were males (79.1 per cent). Moreover, the fatalities that occurred during this quarter involved five males and two females. As regard to age cohorts, 37.9 per cent of the casualties involved persons in the 26 to 40 age bracket (Chart 2 and Table 5).

Chart 1. Road traffic accidents and fatalities by period

No Data Found

The largest number of road traffic casualties (55.3 per cent) involved passenger cars, followed by motorcycles (33.3 per cent) and goods-carrying vehicles (5.2 per cent).  The seven fatalities included a driver colliding with another vehicle, two drivers crashing into a property and four pedestrians being hit by a vehicle. Cyclists involved in traffic accidents amounted to six, where three suffered grievous injuries and three suffered slight injuries (Tables 6-7).  Road traffic casualties resulting from accidents between vehicles topped the list with 69.6 per cent of all road traffic casualties (Table 7).

The highest number of road traffic casualties occurred on Fridays with 77 casualties, and the highest number of road traffic accidents occurred on Tuesdays with 665 cases or 16.7 per cent of the total (Table 8). The time bracket with the highest number of road traffic accidents occurred between 09:00 – 11:59 with 923 cases or 23.2 per cent of the total, followed by the 12:00 – 14:59 time bracket with 906 cases. The least number of accidents occurring daily took place between 03:00 – 05:59 with 53 cases (Table 9). 

The highest incidence of road traffic accidents was registered in Birkirkara with 287 cases, followed by Ħal Qormi and San Pawl Il-Baħar, with 240 and 201 cases respectively (Table 10, Map 1 and Chart 5).

Ta’ Kerċem, Il-Fontana, Il-Munxar, L-Għasri and San Lawrenz registered less than five road traffic accidents (Map 1 and Table 10).

Map 1. Road traffic accidents by locality: October-December 2023

All districts recorded an increase in road traffic accidents except for the South Eastern and Gozo and Comino district, which recorded a decrease, when compared to the fourth quarter of the previous year. The Northern Harbour district registered the highest percentage increase in road traffic accidents at 10.4 per cent, followed by the Northern district at 6.6 per cent (Table 1 and Map 2).

Map 2. Percentage change in road traffic accidents by district: October-December 2023/2022

Annual Perspective

The number of fatalities during 2023 reached 16, down by 12 when compared to the previous year (Chart 1). In 2023, the reported injury accidents amounted to 1,390, an increase of 49 accidents, or 3.7 per cent when compared to 2022. Moreover, non-injury accidents amounted to 15,024, an increase of 652 accidents or 4.5 per cent over the cases reported during the previous year (Tables 2-3). The third quarter of 2023 recorded the highest number of accidents (4,351) while the fourth quarter of 2023 recorded the highest number of fatalities (7) (Chart 1).

Additional Tables and Charts

Chart 2. Road traffic casualties by age group and gender

October-December 2023

No Data Found

Chart 3. Percentage distribution of road traffic casualties by day of the week

October-December 2023

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Note: Percentages may not add up due to rounding.

Chart 4. Road traffic accidents by time bracket and day of the week

October-December 2023

No Data Found

Chart 5. Top 10 localities for road traffic accidents

October-December 2023

No Data Found

Methodological Notes

1. Road traffic accidents data is compiled from administrative information provided by the Malta Police Force and the Malta Insurance Association (LESA).

2. Definitions:

a. Total road traffic accidents consist of the road traffic accidents involving casualties (Police reports) and the minor road traffic accidents without casualties (Police and Warden reports).

b. Non-injury (minor) road traffic accidents refer to accidents assessed by Wardens and/or the Police involving at least one vehicle and in which no persons are injured. Non-injury road traffic accidents which are either not reported or directly reported to Insurance Agencies by means of the Traffic Accident Form (i.e. where no Police or Wardens are called on the accident scene and are settled by the completion of the relevant form) are not accounted for.

c. Insignificant injury is determined by the Police as the sustaining of a very minimal injury (e.g. bruise, scratch, etc.) or shock due to accident which, in most cases, requires very basic treatment or no treatment at all.

d. The definition of slight injury is as listed in Art. 221 et sequitur of the Criminal Code, Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta.

e. The definition of grievous injury is as listed in Art. 216 et sequitur of the Criminal Code, Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta.

f. UNECE defines road fatal injury as: “Any person who was killed outright or who died within 30 days as a result of the accident”.

g. Road traffic accident fatalities data may be subject to revisions.  For certain cases, the NSO may need to wait for the cause of the fatality to be duly established by the conclusions of Magisterial Inquiry.

3. The casualty-to-accident ratio indicates the risk level of suffering an injury in an accident. Therefore, a higher percentage rate means that the corresponding accidents were more serious (i.e. more persons were injured).

4. Data is subject to revision.

5. More information relating to this news release may be accessed at:

Sources and Methods
Statistical Concepts 
LAU Classification
NUTS Classification

6. A detailed news release calendar is available online.

7. References to this news release are to be cited appropriately. For guidance on access and re-use of data please visit our dedicated webpage.

8. For further assistance send your request through our online request form.

Road Traffic Accidents: Q4/2023
NR 027/2024
Release Date: 14 February 2024
Road Traffic Accidents: Q4/2022
  • During the fourth quarter of 2023, there were seven road traffic fatalities, involving five males and two females.
  • During the fourth quarter of 2023, road traffic accidents and casualties increased by 4.2 and 12.1 per cent respectively when compared to the same period in 2022.
  • In the fourth quarter of 2023, the highest number of road traffic accidents occurred on Tuesdays with 665 cases or 16.7 per cent of the total.
  • Birkirkara registered the highest number of road traffic accidents at 287 cases.
Graphical Illustration of MALTA by LAU1 Classification
Map REgions

Districts classification

Southern Harbour

Bormla; Il-Fgura; Il-Furjana; Ħal Luqa; Ħaż-Żabbar; Il-Kalkara; Il-Marsa; Raħal Ġdid; Santa Luċija; L-Isla; Ħal Tarxien; Valletta; Il-Birgu; Ix-Xgħajra.

Northern Harbour

Birkirkara; Il-Gżira; Ħal Qormi; Il-Ħamrun; L-Imsida; Pembroke; San Ġwann; Santa Venera; San Ġiljan; Is-Swieqi; Ta’ Xbiex; Tal-Pietà; Tas-Sliema.

South Eastern

Birżebbuġa; Il-Gudja; Ħal Għaxaq; Ħal Kirkop; Ħal Safi; Marsaskala; Marsaxlokk; L-Imqabba; Il-Qrendi; Iz-Żejtun; iz-Żurrieq.

Western

Ħad-Dingli; Ħal Balzan; Ħal Lija; Ħ’Attard; Ħaż-Żebbuġ; L-Iklin; L-Imdina; L-Imtarfa; Ir-Rabat; Is-Siġġiewi.

Northern

Ħal Għargħur; Il-Mellieħa; L-Imġarr; Il-Mosta; In-Naxxar; San Pawl Il-Baħar.

Gozo and Comino

Il-Fontana; Għajnsielem and Comino; L-Għarb; L-Għasri; Il-Munxar; In-Nadur; Il-Qala; San Lawrenz; Ta’ Kerċem; Ta’ Sannat; Ir-Rabat; Ix-Xagħra; Ix-Xewkija; Iż-Żebbuġ.

Graphical Illustration of MALTA by LAU2 Classification
Methodological Map
Key
1 Valletta 18 Il-Furjana 35 Marsaskala 52 San Ġiljan
2 L-Imdina 19 Il-Fontana 36 Marsaxlokk 53 San Ġwann
3 Il-Birgu 20 Il-Gudja 37 Il-Mellieħa 54 San Lawrenz
4 L-Isla 21 Il-Gżira 38 L-Imġarr 55 San Pawl Il-Baħar
5 Bormla 22 Għajnsielem and Comino 39 Il-Mosta 56 Ta' Sannat
6 Ħal Qormi 23 L-Għarb 40 L-Imqabba 57 Santa Luċija
7 Ħaż-Żebbuġ 24 Ħal Għargħur 41 L-Imsida 58 Santa Venera
8 Ħaż-Żabbar 25 L-Għasri 42 Il-Munxar 59 Tas-Sliema
9 Is-Siġġiewi 26 Ħal Għaxaq 43 In-Nadur 60 Is-Swieqi
10 Iż-Żejtun 27 Il-Ħamrun 44 In-Naxxar 61 Ta' Xbiex
11 Ir-Rabat, Għawdex 28 L-Iklin 45 Raħal Ġdid 62 Ħal Tarxien
12 Ħ'Attard 29 Il-Kalkara 46 Pembroke 63 Ix-Xagħra
13 Ħal Balzan 30 Ta' Kerċem 47 Tal-Pieta' 64 Ix-Xewkija
14 Birkirkara 31 Ħal Kirkop 48 Il-Qala 65 Ix-Xgħajra
15 Birżebbuġa 32 Ħal Lija 49 Il-Qrendi 66 Iż-Żebbuġ, Għawdex
16 Ħad-Dingli 33 Ħal Luqa 50 Ir-Rabat, Malta 67 Iż-Żurrieq
17 Il-Fgura 34 Il-Marsa 51 Ħal Safi 68 L-Imtarfa
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