News Releases

Short-term Industrial Indicators: Q1/2024
NR 093/2024
Release Date: 21 May 2024
Cut off Date: 10 May 2024
Seasonally adjusted industrial turnover recorded during the first quarter of 2024 decreased by 0.4 per cent over the fourth quarter of 2023. When compared to the corresponding period of 2023, working-day adjusted industrial turnover increased by 6.0 per cent.

water bottles on production line

Quarterly comparison

During the first quarter of 2024, seasonally adjusted industrial turnover decreased by 0.4 per cent over the fourth quarter of 2023. A decrease was registered in the intermediate goods (9.2 per cent). On the contrary, consumer goods, capital goods and energy increased by 6.7 per cent, 2.5 per cent and 1.0 per cent, respectively (Table 1).

Seasonally adjusted industrial employment increased by 0.2 per cent (Table 3). During this period, industrial hours worked increased by 0.8 per cent (Table 5) and industrial gross wages and salaries went up by 2.2 per cent (Table 7).

Annual comparison

When compared to the corresponding quarter of 2023, working-day adjusted industrial turnover increased by 6.0 per cent. Increases were registered in the consumer goods (19.0 per cent),  capital goods (10.8 per cent) and energy (2.6 per cent). On the other hand, intermediate goods dropped by 5.7 per cent (Table 2).

An increase of 0.8 per cent was recorded in the year-on-year unadjusted industrial employment (Table 4). Working-day adjusted industrial hours worked decreased by 0.6 per cent (Table 6) while working-day adjusted industrial gross wages and salaries rose by 7.7 per cent (Table 8).

Chart 1. Annual industrial turnover working-day adjusted variation

(% change in comparison with corresponding quarter in previous year)

No Data Found


Methodological Notes

1. This news release is being published with the new base year 2021=100. Hence, indices cannot be directly compared to previous news releases published with base year 2015=100.

2. This news release comprises a number of business cycle indicators showing the quarterly evolution of the market of goods and services in the industrial sector. It records the evolution of turnover, employment, wages and salaries, and hours worked over long periods of time. The objective of these indicators is to measure the market activity in the industrial sector. These indicators are compiled as a “five-year chain-linked index”. The current base and reference years are 2021. The results are compiled and published according to the statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, NACE Rev. 2.

3. The data is collected by means of a monthly questionnaire which is sent to a representative sample of enterprises categorised within the industrial sector. The data is then grossed up to represent the entire industrial population.

4. For the scope of the index calculation, NACE divisions 09, 12, 15, 19, 24 and NACE groups 27.5 and 30.9 are excluded because of their negligible activity.
5. The calendar and seasonal adjustments for this release are done directly on quarterly indices. These indices cannot be compared directly to the indices published by Eurostat, since quarterly adjusted European aggregates are calculated from monthly adjusted series, which are provided by the Member States.
6. Calendar adjustment is a statistical method for removing the calendar effect from an economic time series. The calendar effect is the variation caused by the changing number of particular weekdays or holidays in different months or other time periods (quarters, years). The number of working days for a given quarter may depend on the timing of certain public holidays, the possible overlap of certain public holidays and non-working days and the occurrence of a leap year. This method is used to compare the data with that of the same quarter of the previous year.
7. Working day adjustment is the part of calendar adjustment which focuses on the changing number of working days (Monday to Friday) in the various months/quarters and their effect on statistical indicators for these months/quarters.
8. Seasonal adjustment removes variations which include effects due to quarter lengths, holidays and particular events such as Christmas. Statistically, seasonal adjustment takes place after a time series has already been cleared of calendar effects by way of working-day adjustment. This method is used to compare data with that of the previous quarter.
9. The objective of Main Industrial Groupings (MIGs) is to provide an activity breakdown of industry (NACE Rev. 2 Sections B, C, D and E). These regroup all the activities between Sections B to E and cover economic activities of companies in the quarrying, manufacturing, water and energy sectors. There are four MIGs, namely intermediate goods, energy, capital goods and consumer goods, of which the consumer goods grouping is further broken down into durable consumer goods and non-durable consumer goods.
10. Definitions:
●  Turnover: Includes total sales and other income presented in current prices and is expressed net of VAT. 
●  Wages and salaries: Covers wages and salaries including bonuses, weekly allowances (cost of living allowances), overtime and national social security contributions by employees. It does not include employers’ social security charges.
●  Employment: Covers all persons employed, regardless of whether they are part-time or full-time, and includes paid employees, working proprietors and unpaid family workers. Employment is not working-day adjusted since the number of employees does not depend on the factors that make up the working-day effect.
Hours worked: Covers total amount of hours actually worked; regular working hours and hours worked during overtime, during nights, Sundays or Public holidays. Hours worked but not paid are also considered.
A distribution of the aggregation weights (2021) by variable and main industrial grouping is presented in the following table.
Main industrial grouping Turnover Employment Wages
Intermediate goods 31.8          30.2          32.1          29.6         
Energy 21.3          5.8          5.2          7.7         
Capital goods 16.6          23.2          23.5          24.5         
Consumer goods 30.3          40.8          39.2          38.2         
      Durable consumer goods 1.9          5.8          4.4          2.8         
      Non-durable consumer goods 28.4          35          34.8          35.4         
Total industry 100          100          100          100         

11.  The calculation of growth rates from the indices table may slightly differ from the growth rates published due to rounding.

12.  The data contained in this release should be considered as provisional and thereby subject to revision. Each release may include revisions of the past quarterly data in respect of a rolling two-year period.

13.  More information relating to this news release may be accessed at:

Statistical Concepts 

14.  A detailed news release calendar is available online.

15. References to this news release are to be cited appropriately. For guidance on access and re-use of data please visit our dedicated webpage.

16. For further assistance send your request through our online request form.

Short-term Industrial Indicators: Q1/2024
NR 093/2024
Release Date: 21 May 2024
Cut off Date: 10 May 2024
water bottles on production line
  • When compared to Q1 2023, working-day adjusted industrial turnover increased by 6.0 per cent.
  • The highest increase was recorded in the consumer goods (19.0 per cent).
  • When compared to Q1 2023, industrial employment increased by 0.8 per cent.
  • When compared to Q4 2023, seasonally adjusted industrial turnover decreased by 0.4 per cent.
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