Countries have social protection systems with the purpose of counteracting many diverse social risks, such as unemployment, old age and social exclusion, being encountered by their residents. These systems consist of various policies and programs aimed at different groups of people, each providing protection against a single risk or need. Specifically in 2020, the Maltese Government implemented various support measures to aid businesses and individuals who were significantly and negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
This publication provides a broad analysis of Malta’s social protection system, focusing on data from 2016 to 2020. Data on social expenditure adheres to the ESSPROS Manual composed by Eurostat and is categorised according to ESSPROS function and social protection scheme. The former provides the main theme of the publication with a chapter devoted to each of the eight ESSPROS functions; (1) sickness, (2) disability, (3) old age, (4) survivors, (5) family/children, (6) unemployment, (7) housing and (8) social exclusion.
The final chapter of the publication presents an overview of the geographic location of social benefits recipients in the Maltese Islands, with data split up to local council level. Various maps are included throughout the publication as a visual representation of beneficiaries’ residency in Malta and Gozo.
Social Protection in the EU
Social security beneficiaries by locality