Stimi tal-Istħarriġ dwar is-Suq tax-Xogħol juru li, fl-ewwel kwart tal-2023, in-numru taʼ impjiegi kien ilaħħaq il-291,756 jew 63.0 fil-mija tal-popolazzjoni fl-età taʼ ħmistax-il sena u aktar (15+). L-ammont ta’ persuni qiegħda kien jammonta għal 8, 585 (1.9 fil-mija), filwaqt li n-numru taʼ persuni mhux attivi fis-suq tax-xogħol kien taʼ 163,113 (35.2 fil-mija) (Tabella nru 1). Fil-perjodu li qed jiġi meqjus fʼdin l-istqarrija, r-rata tal-attività fis-suq tax-xogħol kienet 80.4 fil-mija, bl-ogħla rata tkun fost persuni fl-età taʼ bejn il-25 u l-54 sena (91.5 fil-mija) (Tabella nru 2).
In-nies li jaħdmu
Bħala medja, 78 persuna minn kull 100 fl-età bejn il-15 u l-64 sena kienu qegħdin jaħdmu. Għall-irġiel, ir-rata tax-xogħol kienet taʼ 83.8 fil-mija, filwaqt li għan-nisa din kienet taʼ 71.4 fil-mija (Tabella nru 4). L-akbar sehem taʼ persuni jaħdmu kien qalb in-nies fl-età bejn il-25 u l-34 sena, kemm għall-irġiel kif ukoll għan-nisa (Ċart nru 1).
Dawk li jaħdmu għal rashom kienu jammontaw għal 15.0 fil-mija tan-nies kollha bʼimpjieg ewlieni (Tabella nru 5). Il-biċċa l-kbira tan-nies li jaħdmu jagħmlu dan fuq bażi full-time u kienu jgħoddu 256,592, filwaqt li 35,164 oħra kellhom impjieg part-time bħala l-impjieg ewlieni tagħhom (Tabella nru 6). Ir-riżultati juru li, bħala medja, il-persuni full-time ħadmu 40.6 siegħa, filwaqt li dawk part-time ħadmu 21.5 siegħa fil-ġimgħa. Fl-ewwel kwart tal-2023, in-nies li jaħdmu fil-fatt ħadmu 37.4 siegħa fil-ġimgħa, 0.1 taʼ siegħa aktar meta mqabbla mal-istess kwart tas-sena taʼ qabel (Tabella nru 7).
Fl-ewwel kwart tal-2023, is-salarju bażiku medju fix-xahar tal-impjegati kien stmat taʼ €1,848. L-ogħla salarju bażiku kien irreġistrat fil-qasam tal-Attivitajiet finanzjarji u tal-assigurazzjoni (Tabella nru 10). Is-salarji medji fix-xahar varjaw minn €1,189 fost persuni impjegati fʼxogħlijiet elementari għall-€2,995 fost il-maniġers (Tabella nru 14).
No Data Found
In-nies qiegħda u dawk mhux attivi fis-suq tax-xogħol
Ir-rata tal-qgħad għall-ewwel kwart tal-2023 kienet taʼ 2.9 fl-mija (Tabella nru 17). L-akbar għadd taʼ persuni qiegħda kien qalb in-nies fl-età bejn il-25 u l-74 sena (Tabella nru 16). In-nisa kienu jifformaw 58.3 fil-mija tan-nies kollha li ma kienux attivi fis-suq tax-xogħol u dawk ʼl fuq minn 65 sena kienu jirrapreżentaw l-akbar għadd taʼ nies mhux attivi (Tabella nru 19). Ir-raġuni ewlenija għaliex in-nies ma kinux attivi fis-suq tax-xogħol kienet minħabba li tkun intlaħqet l-età tal-irtirar jew minħabba li l-persuni jkunu rtiraw qabel iż-żmien (42.4 fil-mija) (Tabella nru 20).
Aktar minn 40 fil-mija tan-nies fl-età taʼ ħmistax-il sena u aktar kellhom livell taʼ edukazzjoni baxx (41.5 fil-mija) (Tabella nru 21). Bil-maqlub taʼ dawn, 35.0 fil-mija tan-nies li jaħdmu kellhom livell taʼ edukazzjoni terzjarja (Tabella nru 22).
Id-dokument onlajn ġie aġġornat fis-14:00hrs fit-03.07.23, fejn it-Tabelli 4, 5, 8, 9, 13-22, li qabel kienu jippreżentaw data għall-perjodu Ottubru-Diċembru, ġew sostitwiti b’data rilevanti għal Jannar-Marzu.
1. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is carried out on an ongoing basis using a quarterly gross sample of 3,200 private households. The objective is to have a continuous assessment of labour market trends given that the reference weeks are evenly spread throughout the 13 weeks of the quarter. One-fourth of the sample is made up of households who have been selected to participate in the LFS for the first time. Three-fourths of the quarterly sample is made up of households who were selected to participate in the survey in previous instances, either one quarter before, or one year before, or one year and a quarter before (2-(2)-2). Unless otherwise indicated, figures provided in this release refer to persons aged 15 and over and living in private households during the reference period. All criteria used for this survey match international methodologies used by the International Labour Organisation (ILO).
2. The LFS is designed to satisfy the concepts and definitions as outlined by Eurostat, which is the EU Statistical Agency. This allows the comparability of results with other EU Member States and countries following ILO definitions of employment and unemployment. Occupations are classified according to the ISCO – 08 classification (International Standard Classification of Occupations), whereas the economic activity is classified according to NACE Rev. 2 (Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne). Educational attainment is classified according to ISCED 2011 (International Standard Classification of Education).
3. As from January 2021, Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/257 of 16th December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council by specifying the number and the title of the variables for the labour force domain, came into force.
4. This legislation has mainly led to changes in the LFS questionnaire and mode of data collection. An analysis of the impact of this change on LFS estimates was conducted in order to assess the divergence of LFS results from pre-IESS to post-IESS levels. Technical notes on these divergences are found here.
● Activity rate: labour force (15-64 years) as a percentage of the population of working age (15-64 years).
● Actual hours worked: refers to the number of hours actually spent at the place of work during the reference week for the main job. A person may work extra hours (e.g. overtime, variable hours) or work less hours than usual (e.g. vacation leave, education, sick leave or slack work) due to various reasons. Owing to increased flexibility at workplaces coupled with technology, the place of work may also include one’s home. In this regard, actual hours worked also includes the hours of work carried out by persons who telework.
● Average monthly basic salary: refers to the average monthly basic salary received by employees before any social contributions and tax deductions. This amount excludes payments for overtime, allowances and bonuses. The monthly basic salary takes into account the wage supplement scheme. As a result, persons who stated that they were receiving this supplement during the quarter under review had their monthly salary modified to account for this change in their income. Data for this variable is provisional and subject to revisions.
● Educational Attainment:
– secondary or less level of education: comprising persons with no schooling, primary education, schools for children with special needs and persons who attained a secondary level education and have less than 2 ordinary level qualifications or equivalent. In the context of the ISCED classification, ‘low’ includes ISCED 0 to 2.
– post-secondary level of education: comprising persons with a secondary level education and having 2 ordinary level qualifications or equivalent or more, and persons with a post-secondary level attainment who have obtained at least 1 intermediate or advanced level qualification or equivalent. In the context of the ISCED classification, ‘medium’ refers to ISCED 3 and 4.
– tertiary level of education: comprising persons with a tertiary level education and with qualifications ranging from diploma to doctorate level. In the context of the ISCED classification, ‘high’ refers to ISCED 5 to 8.
● Employees: are defined as persons who work for a public or private employer and who receive compensation in the form of wages, salaries, fees, gratuities, payment by results or payment in kind.
● Employed persons: comprise persons aged 15 to 89 who, during the reference week, were in one of the following categories:
– worked for at least 1 hour for pay or profit, including contributing family workers and paid casual work
– persons with a job or business who were temporarily not at work during the reference week but had an attachment to their job, including:
(a) persons not at work due to holidays, working time arrangements, sick leave, maternity or paternity leave;
(b) persons in job-related training or formal education;
(c) persons on parental leave, either receiving and/or being entitled to job-related income or benefits, or whose parental leave is expected to be 3 months or less;
(d) seasonal workers during the off-season, where they continue to regularly perform tasks and duties for the job or business, excluding fulfilment of legal or administrative obligations;
(e) persons temporarily not at work for other reasons where the expected duration of the absence is 3 months or less.
● Employment rate: persons in employment (15-64 years) as a percentage of the population of working age (15-64 years).
● Inactive persons: all persons who are not classified as employed or unemployed are defined as inactive.
● Labour force: all persons in employment and unemployed persons.
● Normal hours worked: refers to the number of usual hours worked per week in the main job over a long reference period, excluding weeks when an absence from work occurs (e.g. holidays, vacation leave or sick leave).
● Part-time employment: a part-time worker is an employed person whose normal hours are less than those of comparable full-time workers. Persons employed on a full-time with reduced hours basis are included in this category.
● Reference week: the week to which the collected data relate.
● Unemployed persons: all persons above 15 years of age who, during the reference week, satisfied the following criteria:
– without work
– actively seeking work during the previous 4 weeks: i.e. had either carried out activities in the four-week period ending with the reference week to seek paid employment or self-employment or found a job to start within a period of at most 3 months from the end of the reference week. Examples of active job search include contacting Jobslpus, studying job advertisements or placing or updating CVs online.
– currently available for work: i.e. available for paid employment or self-employment before the end of the 2 weeks following the reference week.
● Unemployment rate: unemployed persons (15-74 years) as a percentage of the labour force (15-74 years).
6. Sampling variability
Data included in this release are based on sample data and are therefore subject to sampling error. Sampling error is measured by a quantity known as the margin of error, which in turn, expresses the variability between the true population parameters and their corresponding sample estimates. In the table below, the margin of error is used to construct a set of 95 per cent confidence intervals for specific variables, which gives an indication of where the true population parameters lie.
|Estimate||Margin of error||95% confidence interva|
|Employment||291,756||3,805||291,756 ± 3,805|
|Employment rate (%)|
|Total||78.02||1.03||78.02 ± 1.03|
|Males||83.76||1.17||83.76 ± 1.17|
|Females||71.44||1.48||71.44 ± 1.48|
|15-24||47.42||3.76||47.42 ± 3.76|
|25-54||89.36||1.16||89.36 ± 1.16|
|55-64||54.52||3.58||54.52 ± 3.58|
|Unemployment||8,585||1,989||8,585 ± 1,989|
|Unemployment rate (%)|
|Total||2.87||0.66||2.87 ± 0.66|
|Males||3.25||0.96||3.25 ± 0.96|
|Females||2.35||0.90||2.35 ± 0.90|
|15-24||9.71||4.10||9.71 ± 4.10|
|25-74||2.22||0.62||2.22 ± 0.62|
|Inactivity||163,113||3,826||163,113 ± 3,826|
|Activity rate (%)|
|Total||80.36||1.02||80.36 ± 1.02|
|Males||86.64||1.08||86.64 ± 1.08|
|Females||73.17||1.44||73.17 ± 1.44|
|15-24||52.52||3.64||52.52 ± 3.64|
|25-54||91.47||1.07||91.47 ± 1.07|
|55-64||55.62||3.54||55.62 ± 3.54|
The table above provides estimated measures of sampling variability. For example, with respect to employment the LFS estimate is 291,756 and the margin of error is 3,805. Hence, the actual figure in the population lies between 287,951 and 295,561 persons.
: Unreliable – less than 20 sample observations.
U Under represented – between 20 and 49 sample observations.
7. Percentage totals may not add up due to rounding.
8. Absolute changes between one survey estimate and another must be treated with caution since minor changes (i.e. less than 2,100 persons) might be the result of sampling error.
9. For more information please submit a request for information through the online form.
11. References to this news release are to be cited appropriately.
12. Statistics in this news release should be interpreted in the context of the COVID-19 situation.
13. A detailed news release calendar is available online.